Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. At 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq mi) it is the 39th-largest country in the world, slightly smaller than Chile. It is inhabited by over 16 million people.
The country’s staple crop and most cultivated is corn (maize). The sector is a main source of income and employment for the majority of Zambians. The agricultural sector in Zambia supports livelihoods of 85% of the population. The share of employment in agriculture is 53.28 %.
Zambia is divided into three major agro-ecological regions (Regions I , II and III), which are primarily based on rainfall amount but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics.
The climate is favorable to agriculture: Zambia’s climate is classified as mostly tropical, with small parts of its territory classified as semi-arid. Average temperatures are comprised between 17,5 and 25,5 C° while average rainfalls are comprised between 0 and 200 mm per month, during the 2 rainy and dry seasons.
Zambia's major export crops include tobacco (98 per cent of which is exported), cotton, tea and coffee. Crops for domestic consumption – tobacco, maize, sugar. Other major crops include: cotton, soybeans, groundnuts, paprika, sorghum, wheat, rice, sunflower seeds, coffee, as well as sugar, fruits, other vegetables and flowers. Manioc, sweet potatoes and fruits are grown for domestic consumption. Sugar – for domestic and external.