Angola has the natural resources to become one of Africa's leading agricultural countries, as its diverse and fertile ecology is suited to a variety of crops. It cultivates just 8% of its available land and agriculture accounts for a mere 10% of GDP.
Angola imports more than half of its food, with some estimates as high as 90%. It has more than 2,000 acres of land that are currently unused.
Angola's climate varies considerably from the coast to the central plateau and even between the north coast and the south coast. The north, from Cabinda to Ambriz, has a damp, tropical climate. The zone that begins a little to the north of Luanda and extends to Namibe, the Malanje region, and the eastern strip have a moderate tropical climate. Damp conditions prevail south of Namibe, dry conditions in the central plateau zone, and a desert climate in the southern strip between the plateau and the frontier with Namibia. There are two seasons: a dry, cool season from June to late September, and a rainy, hot season from October to April or May. The average temperature is 20° C; temperatures are warmer along the coast and cooler on the central plateau. The Benguela Current makes the coastal regions arid or semiarid. The annual rainfall is only 5 cm at Namibe, 34 cm at Luanda, and as high as 150 cm in the northeast.