Cashew trees are widely cultivated for their nuts and derived products in West, East and South Africa. The West Africa region is producing at almost the same level as South Asian countries, while East Africa is currently facing a decline in the production of cashews. Major cashew nut producing countries in Africa are Nigeria, Ghana, Gambia, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Benin. Africa produces around 40% of the estimated 2.6 million metric tons of raw cashew every year. The African trade bodies and local governments are helping the cashew industry flourish through policy improvisation and subsidization. Fertilizer treatment affects yield, quality and consumer characteristics.